Save the Children Somalia: Rapid Drought Needs Assessment – Preliminary Results (January 2022) – Somalia

CONTEXT

Many Somali households are already facing growing food consumption gaps and diminished coping capacity due to the current drought. The incidence of food insecurity, acute malnutrition among children and epidemics of common diseases has increased imminently. Millions of Somali families faced with deteriorating food consumption have begun to apply the most difficult coping strategies. A further worsening of the situation is expected in the coming months from February to March 2022 due to the impact of a fourth consecutive scenario of insufficient or below average precipitation and the predicted “La Nina” climate scenario. Critical food shortage and loss of income generating activities are expected.

Save the Children Somalia country office conducted an in-depth multi-sector rapid needs assessment to understand the gaps and current needs in food security, health, nutrition, water, hygiene, education , child protection and household displacement. Female-headed households, households with people with disabilities, families living in IDP camps and refugees are expected to be disproportionately affected by the drought.

METHODOLOGY

Nationally representative cross-sectional data was conducted comprising 15 regions of the 18 regions of FGS and Somaliland (Awdal, Sool, Sanaag, Waqoyi Galbed, Toghder, Nugaal, Mudug, Karkar, Hiran, Galgaduud, Bakool, Bay, Gedo, Mudug and Lower Shebelle); 46 districts covering all livelihood zones and 5.2 million people or 33% of the entire Somali population across Somalia. This was represented by 1,770 randomly and systematically selected households (HH).

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