Active and escalating hostilities continued across Ukraine in May, claiming civilian lives and exacerbating humanitarian conditions for more than a third of the country’s population.. Ukraine’s agricultural production and export routes remained largely blocked, heightening fears of a looming global food crisis. In recent weeks hostilities have been more pronounced in eastern and southern Ukraine, with other parts of the country also being hit by airstrikes. In the hardest hit areas, thousands of civilians have been trapped with little or no water, food or other necessities, often unable to evacuate safely. By the end of the month, more than 7.1 million people had been internally displaced, down 11% from the 8 million reported in early May, and more than 4.8 million people had sought protection in European countries.
Despite the enormous difficulties faced by humanitarian workers in accessing the hardest hit areas of Ukraine, the UN and its humanitarian partners had provided life-saving assistance to more than 7.6 million people by the end of May.. This is an increase of more than 85% from the 4.1 million reached in April. More than 6.5 million Ukrainians received food and more than 70,000 children received nutritional assistance, essential for early childhood development. In addition, more than 2.6 million people were able to access health services and supplies provided by humanitarian organizations. Humanitarian partners also distributed cash assistance to over 1.4 million people, provided protection services to over 500,000 people, clean water and hygiene supplies to over 435,000 people, housing assistance to 390,000 people and education services and learning materials to approximately 143,000 children and educators. .
The steady intensification of the humanitarian response across Ukraine is the result of the work of more than 265 organisations, including 163 national NGOs, and the generous and timely support of our donors.. Over the past month, 43 additional organizations have joined humanitarian response efforts in Ukraine, enabling a further increase in the level of assistance provided. Humanitarian partners are active in all 24 oblasts of Ukraine, providing assistance in areas hosting large numbers of displaced people and in areas affected by fighting. The revised flash appeal released in April, which calls for $2.25 billion for relief operations in Ukraine, is currently 62% funded.
The UN and partners have had limited success in reaching areas where people desperately need help, such as Mariupol in Donetska Oblast and Sievierodonetsk in Luhanska Oblast, despite repeated appeals and engagements with the parties to the conflict.. The UN and humanitarians in Ukraine continue to engage with parties to ensure that people can receive the life-saving assistance they need, wherever they reside. The United Nations also continues to negotiate and call on the parties to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law and to guarantee the safety of civilians, protect civilian infrastructure and allow civilians affected by the hostilities to leave safely. and in the direction of their choice.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.