UNICEF Report on the humanitarian situation in DR Congo No.1 – Reference period: January and February 2022 – Democratic Republic of the Congo

Strong points

  • In the provinces of Tanganyika and South Kivu, there was an increase of 14,586 suspected measles cases, 257 deaths were recorded.

  • More than 150,000 additional displaced people have been registered following violence in Ituri, North Kivu, South Kivu and Tanganyika.

  • In the provinces of Tanganyika, North Kivu and Ituri, UNICEF and its partners, as part of its emergency response, distributed non-food items (NFI), water kits, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) to 8,324 households (50,510 people).

  • In the first two months of 2022 alone, 55 children are believed to have been murdered or injured as a result of conflict-related violence.

Situation in figures

15,800,000 children in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, Revised HRP 2022)

27,000,000 people in need (OCHA, Revised HRP 2022)

5,700,000 IDPs (revised HRP 2022)

3,518 cholera cases notified since January (Ministry of Health)

Overview of Funding and Partnerships

UNICEF is appealing for $356 to support the provision of humanitarian services to women and children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). UNICEF expresses its sincere gratitude to all public and private donors for the contributions received to date. However, the 2022 HAC has an 82% funding gap, with significant funding needs in the areas of nutrition, health, WASH, education and communication for development.

Overview of the situation and humanitarian need

Population displacement and acute emergencies:

Despite the establishment of a state of siege in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri, followed by joint military operations by the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF ), the humanitarian situation remains worrying. The two provinces experienced a recurrence of armed clashes and an increase in the number of civilians killed or kidnapped, resulting in massive population displacements mainly in the territories of Beni and Lubero, as well as in the south of the province of Ituri. Newly displaced people, particularly in hard-to-reach areas, continued to face difficulties in accessing basic social services. Access to humanitarian aid was increasingly restricted due to insecurity, leading to recurrent suspensions of the activities of humanitarian actors and limiting the possibility of reaching populations. In the province of North Kivu, insecurity remained in Masisi territory and the situation worsened in Rutshuru territory due to fighting between rival armed groups on the one hand, and clashes with the FARDC on the other. go. In Ituri, nearly 120,000 people (including 25,560 women and 69,600 children) were newly displaced in January and February, following repeated attacks by armed groups in the territories of Djugu and Mahagi. In addition, these attacks targeted sites of internally displaced persons (IDPs) as well as basic social infrastructure such as schools and health centers. In the province of South Kivu, the inter-community conflicts which particularly affected the Hauts Plateaux of Fizi, Uvira and Mwenga continued to generate population movements towards the Moyens Plateaux (30,000 people displaced in the health zones (ZS) of Lemera and around the town of Uvira), as well as in the Bibokoboko area and in the ZS of Kimbi Lulenge, where 45,000 people (including 9,585 women and 26,100 children) still needed assistance. In the province of Tanganyika, clashes between FARDC groups have destabilized the territories bordering the provinces of Maniema and South Kivu (Kalémie, Nyunzu and Kongolo) and caused numerous population movements.

Epidemics:

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) faces many epidemics, the most important of which is measles. cholera, poliomyelitis and COVID-19. Since January, the country has reported 14,586 suspected measles cases, including 257 deaths (1.76% case fatality rate), 2,682 cholera cases, including 19 deaths (0.71% case fatality rate), and 6,457 cases of COVID-19 including 30 deaths (fatality rate of 0.46%). In addition, from January to February, seven new cases of poliomyelitis derived from a type 2 Polio vaccine were reported in Maniema province.

The cholera pandemic in the DRC was characterized by significant transmission of the disease from January 1 to February 28, 2022. Indeed, at the national level, 3,518 suspected cases were notified as well as 52 deaths according to the national program for the elimination of cholera and cholera control. other diarrheal diseases (PNECHOL-MD data). The provinces with the most reported cases are: South Kivu (1,407 suspected cases and 1 death), Haut Lomami (933 suspected cases and 31 deaths), Tanganyika (664 suspected cases and 13 deaths) and Nord- Kivu (425 suspected cases and 4 deaths). death). These four provinces alone account for 97% of all reported cases in the country.

Protection:

The protection situation for children, girls and women in the DRC remained of concern at the start of 2022. In North Kivu, Ituri, South Kivu and Tanganyika, children continued to be victims of recruitment, murder, mutilation and sexual violence. In Ituri in particular, children continued to be the target of the conflict. A total of 55 children are also believed to have been killed or maimed in the first months of 2022 alone, an average of nearly two children per day. Schools and hospitals continued to be attacked. Children and women living in Irumu and Mambassa (Ituri) and Beni (North Kivu) are particularly at risk of abduction and recruitment due to the activity of armed groups in these areas. The territory of Rutshuru North Kivu remains a worrying situation due to the resurgence of one of the armed groups.

Nutrition:

According to the results of January’s Nutrition Surveillance and Early Warning System (SNSAP) monthly bulletin, supported by UNICEF/USAID Food for Peace, 91 alerts were issued by 91 health zones. This shows a 34% increase in alerts compared to the same period in 2021. These figures represent 18% of the health zones on alert nationwide in January 2022. The provinces of Equateur (18%), du Kwango (12%), Kasai (10%) and Sankuru (9%) recorded the highest number of alerts. The factors influencing the nutritional situation are currently being analyzed by PRONANUT and will be reported in the Quarterly Bulletin of March.

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